Gender equity in eye care is about identifying and overcoming entrenched barriers that prevent women accessing eye health services
What does gender equity mean in relation to eye care?
Women bear approximately two-thirds of the burden of blindness in the world,1 80% of which is preventable or treatable.2 This is a multi-faceted problem, and a result of cultural practices rather than physiology, which can range widely in different locations.
These practices may include:
- limited ability to venture to public places where health services are available;
- reduced priority in family financial decisions;
- low levels of education and minimal knowledge of eye health;
- restricted options due to remoteness and lack of transport; and
- negative feelings associated with wearing glasses.
What we do to achieve gender equity in eye care?
We believe that the key to improving eye health outcomes for women is to increase initiatives in a scalable approach, directly targeting the marginalised members of communities. Our programs are tackling gender disparity through several approaches:
- We conduct training programs and vision screening programs that specifically target women.
- We raise awareness at national, regional and community levels about inequalities in eye care.
- We provide increased opportunities and support for women to follow a career in eye care.
The introduction of gender-based innovations through our programs has provided identifiable outcomes at the local level.
- Abou-Gareeb I, Lewallen S, Bassett K, Courtright P. Gender and blindness: a meta-analysis of population-based prevalence surveys. Ophthalmic epidemiology 2001; 8(1): 39-56.
- World Health Organization, Visual Impairment and Blindness, Fact Sheet No 282; accessed on 11 October 2016 at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs282/en/